Q: How does migraine display?
A: Migraine is a prolonged severe headache that lasts 4 – 72 hours. The headaches can be recurrent, common or disabling. There are several common symptoms typical for migraine disorder. They include pains in one or both throbbing sides of the head, the character of these pains can vary from moderate to severe, they can be stable or periodical, repeating during long period of time. As a rule the pain worsens during usual physical activities like walking or going upstairs. Light and sounds are also irritants that can cause symptoms worsening.
Sometimes migraines are accompanied with visual effect known as aura. As for menstrual migraine it is usually occurs without aura that includes such fortification figures as light spots, sparkling, lines appearing before the eyes. Sometimes aura worsens to the loss of sight. Most patients with migraine prefer to stay in the dark room during the painful attack, it is better for eyes. Migraine is not a fatal disease, but it affects everyday life, disabling a person from doing usual activities.
Q: What is the reason of migraine?
A: Migraines are the result of chemical imbalance inside the brain that influence on blood vessels. The migraine pain is not connected with blood pressure drop, it is caused by vessels expanding. Some matters can stimulate migraine pains, they are alcohol, caffeine, nuts, chocolate, onions, nitrates and MSG in food, etc. The emotional triggers are stress, depressions. The increased eye strain also can cause migraine attack, as well as weather changes, bright light or magnetic storms. Women can struggle from migraine due to the hormonal changes in their organisms during periods.
Q: Menstrual Migraine: what is it?
A: There are two types of Menstrual Migraines also known as hormonal migraines – Pure Menstrual Migraine (PMM) and Menstrually Related Migraine (MRM). PMM is a migraine attack happened during menstruation period and a short time before and after it. MRM is another type of migraines that occur during the periods and other phases of women’s cycle like ovulation. They occur several times per cycle.
Q: What is the reason of Menstrual Migraine?
A: The causes of Menstrual Migraines are still not studied properly. There is an obvious connection between hormone changes due to menstrual cycle and migraine attacks. The studies admitted that migraine is certainly caused by hormonal level change that precedes periods. Women suffering from Menstrual Migraine pains react on hormonal trigger in such a way. It is an individual characteristic of their organism.
Q: How often does Menstrual Migraine occur?
A: There are about 21 million of US women experiencing migraines. 60% of them struggle from MRM or PMM.
Q: How does Menstrual Migraines differ from usual migraine?
A: As a rule Menstrual Migraine is characterized by more severe headaches that take longer. Menstrual Migraine attacks can occur more often than usual migraines among men.